Edible Salt Formula for Production Factories

Sodium Chloride, also known as salt in Persian and its chemical formula is NaCl,Edible Salt، is an ionic compound composed of sodium and chlorine equivalents. Sodium chloride is the main constituent of table salt, and most of the salinity of ocean water is due to this compound.

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Because iodine deficiency in the human diet causes a variety of diseases, such as goiter, it is usually added to refined edible salt and potassium iodate to help consumers get the daily amount they need. This product is called iodized salt. Iodized refined salts retain iodine better and last longer due to their high purity. In Iran, according to studies conducted in the country in terms of the amount of iodine in water and soil and the prevalence of goiter, 40 micrograms per gram of salt (40 ppm) is added.

To preserve iodine in iodized salt, salt should be consumed for less than a year, kept away from light and moisture, and stored in plastic, wooden, earthenware or dark glass containers. Also, when cooking, it is best to add salt at the end of cooking to keep the iodine as high as possible.

Salt is a mineral made mainly of sodium and chlorine, and is one of the most important minerals in the daily diet of humans. Oral salt is also called sodium chloride. Oral salt in mineral form in sediments and sediments There are also folds that are extracted in the form of rock salt. It is also abundant in seawater, which can be harvested.

With the impurity entering the halite crystal or rock salt, the mineral turns into a variety of colors. For example, with the entry of uranium and carbon elements, it turns black. This mineral is found with silicon or bitter salt in evaporative, hot and dry environments. The salty taste of the glass and the low hardness of the mineral make it easy to identify with a group of similar minerals.

Sodium is an essential nutrient for human health due to its role as an electrolyte and osmotic solution. On the other hand,list of salts، excessive salt intake in adults and children can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, such as high blood pressure.

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Sodium chloride is the main source of sodium chloride, but it can also be extracted from brackish waters (seas and saltwater lakes).

Sodium chloride is an ionic compound obtained by the reaction between the metal sodium (11 Na) and the chlorine gas (17 Cl). This reaction is accompanied by the production of heat and light. During this reaction, an electron is transferred from sodium atoms to chlorine atoms, and both reach octagonal arrangement. In this process, sodium is converted to sodium cation and chlorine is converted to anion chloride. However, the transfer of electrons between sodium and chlorine does not take place according to experiments performed by complete X-rays,types of salt، and there is still a common electron cloud between them.

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In other words, sodium has 10.05 electrons and chlorine 17.7 electrons around it.That’s why many health professionals and organizations recommend that people reduce their salt intake. The World Health Organization recommends that adults consume less than 2,000 milligrams of sodium a day, or 5 grams of salt a day.

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